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A glass a day keeps depression at bay
Analyses from a prospective study of more than 13,000 adults in Spain looked at the relationship between baseline alcohol intake and the development of depression – ‘depression’ being defined by a physician’s diagnosis or on the habitual use of anti-depressant drugs for four or more years. Reported depression was much higher among women than men.
The study found that, for women only, moderate alcohol intake (measured as 5–15 g per day or one glass of alcohol a day) was associated with a lower risk of depression diagnoses. No association was apparent for higher intakes of alcohol or for any specific type of alcoholic beverage. There were few men reporting depression, and few heavy drinkers, so the results only apply to moderately drinking women. Among these women (those consuming between about ½ drink/day to about 1 or 1 ½ drinks per day) there was evidence of a lower risk of depression during a follow-up period extending up to 10 years.
Because of the large number of subjects, all of whom were college graduates, the results of the study are thought to be reliable. However, before you go breaking out the champagne, be warned. Plenty of other scientific studies have linked high levels of alcohol consumption to an increased risk of depression. So the key is, everything in moderation. Even wine.
Depression has a variety of symptoms and will affect everyone in different ways. Symptoms include: feeling extremely sad or tearful; disturbances to normal sleep patterns; loss of interest and motivation; feeling worthless or guilty; loss of pleasure in activities; anxiety; changes in appetite or weight; loss of sexual interest; physical aches and pains; impaired thinking or concentration. For more information and for treatment advice, visit www.sane.org.
About the Author
Lizzy has more than ten years’ experience in the print and digital publishing arena and is the Editor at Single File. Having moved from the UK to Australia in 2008, Lizzy has worked for a number of leading publishers in Sydney and has particular expertise in the health, wellness and travel markets. If you have any questions for Lizzy, you can send them across by email to email@example.com.